43 Years of Success!

Drivers Privacy Protection Act (DPPA) - 1994

In 1994, when Congress moved to close all motor vehicle records nationwide, NCISSsuccessfully stopped the action and negotiated the language in the DPPA which allows access to the records for the following purposes: 

18 U.S.C. § 2721 et. seq.

(4) For use in connection with any civil, criminal, administrative, or arbitral proceeding in any Federal, State, or local court or agency or before any self-regulatory body, including the service of process, investigation in anticipation of litigation, and the execution or enforcement of judgments and orders, or pursuant to an order of a Federal, State, or local court.”

 Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) - 1999

Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act enacted a mandatory procedure that required all financial institutions to have a policy to protect consumer non-public information from foreseeable threats in security and data integrity. One of the provisions included pretexting protections related to the collection, disclosure, and protection of consumers’ nonpublic personal or personally identifiable information. The result was the severe restriction of bank account investigation. NCISS was able to obtain exemptions for child support enforcement.

Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) - 2003

As amended in 1996, the FCRA required employers to gain permission from a subject-employee to investigate that employee. If any adverse action was taken against that employee, the employer was then required to provide the investigative report to the employee.  NCISS’s diligent work successfully effected change to correct the unintended consequences in the FCRA affecting workplace investigations.

Second Amendment – June 2008

NCISS, along with several other state investigative and security associations, joined forces to file an “industry” amicus brief in support of the security guard Dick Heller’s claim before The Supreme Court of the United States, District of Columbia, et al. On June 26, 2008, the U. S. Supreme Court the District of Columbia’s 32-year old ban on handguns was incompatible with the Second Amendment.

Social Security Numbers

There are ongoing efforts in Congress to remove the Social Security number as a unique identifier. It is anticipated such measures will be introduced again. So far, NCISS has been successful in staving off this restrictive action.


NCISS is protecting your right to use a pretext, a recognized investigative tool for lawful purposes. Without continual monitoring, privacy advocates and Congress will seek to ban any pretense which would then undermine undercover investigations, shopping services and various means of locating individuals. 

Special thanks to Francie Koehler for sharing this history!

Francie is the Legislation Chair-Investigation, a past-president and a past Board Chair of NCISS.